Freshwater fish species in Thailand
Our species page includes a wide selection of freshwater fish species both native and imported, which can be caught whilst fishing in Thailand with Fishsiam.
Varying from giant monster fish to smaller lesser known species, all of the fish below can be caught in Thai lakes, dams and rivers when fishing with our guides.
The Alligator Gar is a freshwater predator fish species which is indigenous to the USA and has been widely imported to Thailand. The prehistoric Alligator Gar has reached weights of 100kg’s and is an aggressive predator.
The Arapaima Gigas is the largest scaled freshwater fish in the world and is indigenous to the Amazon basin.The Arapaima has been introduced to fishing lakes in Thailand where it has reached world record proportions.
The Atlantic Tarpon is one of the worlds most sought after saltwater game fish which has attained gigantic weights in the excess of 160kg’s. Atlantic Tarpon have now been introduced to fishing lakes in Thailand.
The Hampala Barb or Jungle Perch is a predatory member of the Cyprinidae (carps) family found in various parts of South East Asia. This Thai carp species is found in the Mekong and Chaophraya basins in Thailand in addition to the Malay Peninsula and Indon.
The Barramundi is imported to Thailand is a highly prized freshwater sport fish popular with anglers across the world which is well known for its hard fighting qualities and aerial and acrobatic displays and is capable of reaching weights upto 37kg+.
Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas)
The Bull Shark is a member of the Carcharhinidae family of fishes which include Tiger Shark and Black tipped Reef sharks.
Bull sharks are widely distributed across the globe from the Americas, Asia and Africa.
This aggressive shark species favours warm shallow waters down to depths of 150m, but is commonly found at depths of 30m. This highly developed shark species has the ability to thrive in both saltwater or fresh/brackish water through a process called osmoregulation and can be found in coastal waters in addition to tidal rivers. Bull sharks can be found in various tidal riverside in Thailand such as the Maeklong or Bang Pakong.
The Catla Carp is a member of the Cyprinidae (carp) family which is indigenous to Northern India. This rarely encountered carp species is present in various waters throughout Thailand reaching weights to 45kg’s.
The Giant Siamese Carp or Giant Barb is found in the lakes and river systems of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Southern Vietnam and is the largest carp species in the world reaching weights exceeding 100kg’s
The Asian Redtail catfish is a highly aggressive and predatory monster freshwater fish which is native to the wild freshwater rivers of Thailand and is capable of reaching weights upto 80kg’s.
The Chaophraya Catfish, also known as the ‘Dog eating Catfish’, is a predatory megafish native to the Chaophraya and Mekong basins in Thailand where it has attained gigantic weights to almost 100kg’s.
The awesome Goonch Catfish in Thailand is one of Thailand’s most sought after and fearsome predatory catfish feeding on a varied diet of small fish, insects and other aquatic creatures in the rivers of Thailand.
The Giant Mekong Catfish in Thailand is a contender for the world’s largest freshwater fish and has been caught at incredible weights to 293kg’s in the wild. Although endangered in its wild habitat, this species is widely stocked into fishing lakes in Thailand.
The Redtail Catfish is a member of the Pimelodidae (whiskered catfish) family and is found throughout the Amazon Basin. The Redtail Catfish is presnt in various freshwater fisheries in Thailand reaching world record weights approaching 50kg’s
The Salween Rita Catfish is a rarely seen Thailand catfish species which can reportedly reach lengths of almost two meters and is found in various parts of South East Asia including the Mekong basin in Thailand.
The Sharptooth Catfish is a freshwater predator found throughout the African continent and has been widely exported to Thailand. The Sharptooth Catfish is an aggressive and ravenous predator which feeds on a diet of both live and dead fishes.
The Thai Shark Catfish is a native species of Thailand catfish which is found throughout the Mekong basin and Chaophraya basins in Thailand in addition to being present in Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay peninsula.
The Truncated Estuarine Catfish is a member of the Ariidae family of fishes (Sea Catfish)and is found in the marine and brackish environments of Thailand’s tidal river systems.
The Golden Dorado is a native freshwater game fish from South America which is popular with fly and lure fishing enthusiasts which has recently been imported into the commercial fishing lakes and ponds of Thailand.
The Goliath Tiger fish is a fearsome looking predatory monster fish from the Congo River system and Lake Tanganyika in Africa which has now been stocked into the commercial fishing lakes of Thailand.
The Mrigal or Small Scale Mud Carp is a native carp species to the Indian subcontinent and has been widely exported to neighbouring countries in Asia including the fishing lakes and ponds of Thailand.
The Nile Tilapia is a member of the Perciformes (perch-like fishes) order of fish originating from the African subcontinent in Rwanda and Uganda which has been extensively farmed in Thailand in aquaculture and stocked into fisheries.
The Red bellied Pacu in Thailand is a close relative of the Piranha group of fishes found in South America and is a member of the Characiformes (characins) family of fish feeding on a varied diet from fruits to small fish.
The Picuda is a South American freshwater fish species which has recently been imported to Thailand and stocked into some of Thailand’s commercial fishing lakes and ponds. The Picuda Dorado is a popular sports fish in its native range of Columbia.
The Rohu is a member of the Cypriniformes (carps) family of fishes and is widely distributed throughout Asia in Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh in addition to Thailand. The Rohu is an Asian carp species that feeds on various insects, crustaceans, plant and vegetable debris in the wild freshwater rivers and lakes that it inhabits in Asia.
The Smallscale Archerfish or Toxotes microlepis is another curious Thai fish species which is well distributed throughout the Chaophraya and Mekong river basins which moves between marine and freshwater throughout its lifetime.
The Cobra Snakehead is another less regularly seen Thailand Snakehead species which predates on small fish and other aquatic creatures in Khao Laem Dam and other dams,reservoirs and fishing lakes throughout Thailand
The highly prized and much sought after Emperor Snakehead, a serpent-like predatory freshwater Thailand species which feeds on small fish frogs and various other aquatic creatures in Southern Thailand
The Giant Snakehead is a voracious predatory monster fish species which is native to Thailand and Southern Asia. The highly aggressive and menacing Giant Snakehead reaches weights upto 10kg’s and is an ambush hunter preying on various small fishes.
The Striped Snakehead (or Banded Snakehead) is a freshwater predator which is found throughout Southern Asia and Thailand. The Striped Snakehead is an aggressive predator which feeds on all manner of small fishes reaching weights to 4kg’s
The predatory Spotted Sorubim is a whiskered shovel-nosed catfish found throughout the Amazon basin and South America which is capable of reaching weights in excess of 50kg’s and has been stocked into various fisheries in Thailand.
The Spotted Scat is a small fish species in Thailand which is found in various tidal rivers and estuaries which should be handled with care due to spines covered in venom which can cause dizziness and pain.
The Cowtail Stingray is a Stingray species found in Thailand in both brackish and marine waters which favours estuarine environments preying on various freshwater and marine prey fishes
The Giant Freshwater Stingray in Thailand is the largest freshwater fish on the planet reaching weights approaching 1000 lbs.The Giant freshwater stingray inhabits some of the wildest waters on earth including the Mekong, Maeklong and Bang Pakong Rivers.
The Whiptail Stingray or Bleeker’s Whipray is a Thailand marine stingray species which is found in the Gulf of Thailand and the brackish estuarine environments of various rivers in Thailand.
The White Edged freshwater stingray is one of Thailand’s lesser known and rarest freshwater stingray species and is found in various rivers and canals throughout Thailand.
The Wallagu Attu is a member of the predatory sheathfishes family of freshwater fish which is widely distributed throughout South East Asia and can be found in various rivers and lakes throughout Thailand.